Lamictal is the trade name for the drug lamotrigine. Lamictal is an anti-convulsant medication available only with a doctor's prescription.
As an anti-convulsant, lamictal may be taken to control seizures in patients with epilepsy. To control epileptic seizures, the drug may be used in patients over two years old. Lamictal is also used to treat extreme mood swings in patients with bipolar disorder; for this purpose, lamictal bipolar may be used in patients over the age of 18.
Lamictal may be taken on its own for these purposes, but it is often taken in combination with other drugs used for controlling the aforementioned disorders. Dosages vary according to a variety of factors including:
• Medical condition
• Other medications being taken and potential for interaction (including hormones)
Finding the right Lamictal dosage for an individual can be a lengthy process. It is very important for patients to tell their doctors about all drugs they are taking, as certain drugs can impact the effectiveness of Lamictal, including the following:
• Tegretol (carbamazepine)
• Methotrexate, Septra, or other drugs that inhibit the metabolism of folate
• Oral contraceptives
• Dilantin (Phenytoin)
• Mysoline (Primidone)
• Depakene or Depakote (valproic acid)
Furthermore, Lamictal regimens often require metered dosing that is slowly built up in the system. For the treatment of epilepsy in combination with other drugs, a typical adult dosage schedule would be similar to:
• One 50 mg dose per day for 2 weeks
• Two 50 mg doses daily for the next 2 weeks
• 300 to 500 mg per day (depending on doctor's prescription) divided into 2 daily doses
A typical adult dosage schedule for lamictal bipolar disorder, not in combination with other drugs, would be similar to:
• One 25 mg dose once daily for the first 2 weeks
• 50 mg per day during the next two weeks
• 100 mg during week 5
• 200 mg (total) per day after week 5
Lamictal dosing for bipolar disorder will vary when used in combination with other drugs as well.
Obviously, with such meticulously calculated dosages, it is very important for patients using Lamictal to remain in contact with their doctor, follow instructions closely and keep all scheduled appointments.
An overdose of Lamictal can be very dangerous, even fatal. When overdose of lamictal is suspected, medical treatment (via poison control center and emergency room/emergency services) should be sought immediately.
For safety's sake, Lamictal must be stored out of the reach of children at room temperature; it should also be stored away from moisture, heat, and light.
Lamotrigine, a prescription medication most readily recognized by its trade name Lamictal, is an anti-convulsant prescription medication used to treat seizures and mood swings.
Lamictal is used primarily in the treatment of two conditions: epilepsy and bipolar disorder.
In the treatment of epilepsy, Lamictal is used to control partial seizures. In addition, Lamictal is used to treat a severe form of epilepsy called Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome. For the treatment of epilepsy and partial seizures, Lamictal may be used alone or in combination with other medications. For seizure control, Lamictal may be used in children and adults over two years of age (due to risk of side effects such as severe skin rash, Lamictal is not recommended for children under 16 except for use as seizure control).
Lamictal is also used to treat severe mood swings in patients with bipolar disorder. Lamictal is useful for preventing the extremes of manic and/or depressive bipolar phases. For treatment of bipolar mood swings, Lamictal may be used in adults over 18.
Other medications Lamictal is often combined with for the treatment of epilepsy, seizures, and/or bipolar disorder include: Tegretol, Dilantin, Phenobarbitol, Mysoline, Depakene, Depakote, and Valproate.
Lamictal is most safe and effective when taken according to a metered dosing schedule ad prescribed by a doctor; when taken improperly, Lamictal can cause serious side effects and serious harm can occur from overdose. Furthermore, Lamictal dosages must be increased gradually to become effective, therefore it is very important to take Lamictal as prescribed.
Lamictal Side Effects
Lamictal does, like all drugs, carry the risk for side effects, which will only become known after beginning a Lamictal regimen. Some lamictal side effects are moderate, but others are severe; any change in symptoms should be reported to the prescribing doctor.
Common side effects of Lamictal include:
• Abdominal or back pain
• Blurred vision, double-vision
• Runny nose, sore throat
• Fatigue, sleepiness
• Lack of coordination
• Nausea, vomiting
• Skin rash
Additionally, children taking Lamictal may experience:
• Ear troubles
• Swelling (including facial)
• Light sensitivity
• Infection (including urinary and sinus)
• Disorder of the penis
Some people develop a serious rash when using Lamictal, especially when used in combination with Depakene or Depakote. Such a rash may be dangerous, and so it is very important to report skin rashes to the prescribing doctor. Indications of a serious skin rash resulting from Lamictal use include hives, swollen glands, fever, painful mouth and eye sores, swollen lips or tongue. This rash generally develops between week 2 and 8 of Lamictal use, but the potential for severe rash development exists for up to 6 months.
Lamictal may be affected by other medications and may impact patients with existing medical conditions, so it is important for patients to discuss all conditions and report all medications they are taking to their doctor. This is especially true for patients who are (or may become) pregnant or are breastfeeding, and for patients with kidney, liver, or heart disease/dysfunction.
The following signs may indicate Lamictal overdose:
• Decreased consciousness, unusual sleepiness, and coma
• Delayed heartbeat
• Increase in occurrence of seizures
• Loss of coordination
• Rolling of the eyeballs
Additional Lamictal Drug Resources
LAMICTAL-Prescription Medication for Epilepsy and Maintenance
Lamictal Information from Drugs.com
Lamotrigine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Lamictal (Lamotrigine) drug description
MedlinePlus Drug Information: Lamotrigine
Lamictal side effects (Lamotrigine)
Infectious Diseases / Bacteria / Viruses News
Safety And Efficacy Of The Use Of Intravesical And Oral Pentosan Polysulfate Sodium For Interstitial Cystitis
UroToday.com - Clinical Trial: In an effort to improve treatment results for BPS/IC, Davis and colleagues from Glendora, California and Pittsburgh in a study supported by Ortho-McNeil examined the safety and efficacy of a combination of intravesical and oral pentosan polysulfate sodium (PPS) in the treatment of interstitial cystititis. Read More...
Focus Diagnostics Launches Laboratory Test For Chikungunya Virus
Focus Diagnostics, Inc., the infectious disease diagnostics company of Quest Diagnostics (NYSE: DGX), today announced the first laboratory developed test in the U.S. for detecting the mosquito-borne chikungunya virus. Commercial availability of the molecular polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test will enable physicians in the U.S. to test patients who may have contracted the virus, such as individuals returning from regions in Africa and Asia where chikungunya is endemic. Read More...
Global Network Of Human-Pathogen Protein Interactions Created And Explored
The first global analysis of the interactions between human proteinsand the proteins of viruses of other pathogens has recently beendeveloped, as reported on February 15 in the open-access journal PLoSPathogens, a part of the Public Library ofScience. Read More...
Novel Approach Strips Staph Of Virulence
An international team of researchers supported by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has blocked staph infections in mice using a drug previously tested in clinical trials as a cholesterol lowering agent. The novel approach, described in the February 14 online edition of Science, could offer a new direction for therapies against a bacterium that's becoming increasingly resistant to antibiotics. Read More...
Lamictal Side Effects
| Lamictal Bipolar